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  • Marius Venter

Is there a Sustainable Solution to Reduce Plastic Waste?

The Global Environmental Protection Drive has begun at large, inspired by testimonials & the plight of many a leading environmentalist, such as David Attenborough, who dedicated their lives in the pursuit of bringing attention to a Balanced Biodiversity on our Planet, essential for a sustainable future for all species.


It has become evident that we all have an important part to play!

With an investment of time & capital into tried & tested scientific applications, using superior technology, following the success of other UN-Approved built & commissioned plants across the Globe, we have started the construction of large-scale pyrolysis plants in Africa.


This is a Solution that will reduce plastic waste by 10 Metric Tons Per Day, Per Plant.

In essence, we have found a solution that will CLOSE THE PLASTIC LOOP & CREATE JOB OPPORTUNITIES.


Before we explore the scientific method of plastic being broken down to a molecular level to generate fuel & energy, let us first understand the seven types of plastic & their applications, as well as the practicality of utilising different types of plastics fit for repurposing.


1. PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate)

PET plastic is presently the most commonly used thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family. It is intended for single-use applications only, thereafter it is recycled (crushed & shredded into small flakes which are then reprocessed to manufacture new PET plastic containers or spun into polyester fiber for the textile industry).


Repeated use of single-use PET plastic containers increases the risk of bacterial growth with difficulty in decontamination. Proper cleaning requires other harmful chemicals & if PET plastic is discarded in landfills, may leach carcinogens (An agent with the capacity to cause cancer in humans).


PET plastic is normally clear for visibility of content & is associated with the following items:

1) Cold Drink Bottles

2) Food Jars & Containers

3) Salad Dressing or Oil Bottles


PET is one of the most recycled thermoplastics & is non-biodegradable.

Unfortunately, Full Circle Africa can not accept this product. If any PET is found during the sorting process, we will remove it & send it to a PET recycler for reprocessing.


2. HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene)

HDPE is a thermoplastic polymer produced from the monomer ethylene. With a high strength to density ratio, HDPE is used in the production of:

1) Rope & Flexible Pipes

2) Some Plastic Bags

3) Crates

4) Cosmetics to Household Cleaning Containers to Shampoo Bottles

5) Milk & Juice Jugs

6) Toys of all Size

7) Playground Equipment & Outdoor Furniture


HDPE is accepted by Full Circle Africa and an ultimate product for pyrolysis


3. PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride)

PVC in its pure form is a white, brittle solid. It is currently the World's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene & polypropylene).

Rigid form PVC is commonly used to manufacture pipes and in-profile applications, such as doors & windows, for the construction industry.

Flexible form PVC is softer, used in plumbing & electrical cable insulation applications.


Due to its high-corrosive nature to metal, Full Circle Africa will not accept this product. If we do find it, we will send it on for safe recycling.


4. LDPE (Low-Density Polyethylene)

Low-Density Polyethylene is a thermoplastic made from the monomer ethylene.

It was the first grade of polyethylene produced in 1933, using a high-pressure process via free radical polymerisation.


LDPE is widely used in the manufacture of:

1) Various Containers

2) Packaging Foam

3) Plastic Wrap Shopping Bags

4) Bread Wrappers

5) Trays & Squeeze Bottles

6) Compost Bags

7) Irrigation Tubing


Currently, only a small percentage of LDPE is recycled. Full Circle Africa aims to change this & utilise this resource at full capacity.


5. PP (Polypropylene)

Polypropylene is a thermoplastic polymer produced via chain-growth polymerisation from the monomer propylene. It is a white, mechanically rugged, colourfast material with high chemical & heat resistance.


This is the second most widely produced plastic and is used in the manufacture of:

1) Plastic Bottle Tops

2) Kitchenware, Disposable Plates, Cutlery & Cups

3) Yoghurt Containers

4) Animal Food Bags - Check the recycling resin code on the bag

5) Potato Chip Bags

6) Straws

7) Microwave Dishes

8) Lunch Boxes

9) Packaging Tape


PP is accepted by Full Circle Africa that can be used in the pyrolysis process


6. PS (Polystyrene)

Polystyrene is a synthetic aromatic hydrocarbon polymer made from monomer styrene & is one of the most widely used plastics globally & non-biodegradable, so the environmental impact is massive, especially in foam form, as it breaks up into fine pieces & found on beaches & marine creatures.


Polystyrene can be in solid or foam form & is commonly used for:

1) Protective Packaging

2) Containers

3) Lids

4) Bottles

5) Trays

6) Tumblers

7) Disposable Cutlery

8) Making of Models


It is generally extremely difficult to recycle polystyrene, but Full Circle Africa has no problem in pyrolysing this plastic.


7. Other Plastics

Other Plastics

There are other plastics that were not covered in the above schedule.

1) Automotive & appliance Components & Casings

2) Electronics

3) Lawnmower Housing & Plastic Garden Tools

4) Cooler Boxes

5) E-waste (Computer & Monitor Casings, Printers, Adding Machines, Stationary, etc..)


Full Circle Africa will accept these plastics, especially E-Waste so that we can assist in Eco-Friendly Circular Economic Behavior & Responsible Distribution.

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